The old man and the sea The story is about an old Cuban ﬁsherman, Santiago…
The old man and the sea
The story is about an old Cuban ﬁsherman, Santiago, who goes out ﬁshing alone in a small skiff. After a long period of fruitless ﬁshing the old man manages to catch an enormous marline…
Never have I had such a strong ﬁsh nor one who acted so strangely. Perhaps he is too wise to jump. He could ruin me by jumping or by a wild rush. But perhaps he has been hooked many times before and he knows that this is how he should make his ﬁght. He cannot know that it is only one man against him, nor that it is an old man. But what a great ﬁsh he is and what he will bring in the market if the ﬂesh is good. He took the bait like a male and he pulls like a male and his ﬁght has no panic in it. I wonder if he has any plans or if he is just as desperate as I am?
The line rose slowly and steadily and then the surface of the ocean bulged ahead of the boat and the ﬁsh came out. He came out unendingly and water poured from his sides. He was bright in the sun and his head and back were dark purple and in the sun the stripes on his sides showed wide and a light lavender. His sword was as long as a baseball bat and tapered like a rapier and he rose his full length from the water and the re-entered it, smoothly, like a diver and the old man saw the great scythe-blade of his tail go under and the line commenced to race out.
“He is two feet longer than the skiff,” the old man said. The line was going out fast but steadily and the ﬁsh was not panicked. The old man was trying with both hands to keep the line just inside of breaking strength. He knew that if he could not show the ﬁsh with a steady pressure the ﬁsh take out all the line and break it. He is a great ﬁsh and I must convince him, he thought. I must never let him learn his strength nor what he could do if he made his run. If I were him I would put it in everything now and go until something broke. But, thank God, they are not as intelligent as we who kill them; although they are more noble and more able.
The old man had seen many great ﬁsh. He had seen many that weighed more than a thousand pounds and he had caught two of that size in his life, but never alone. Now alone, and out of sight of land, he was fast to the biggest ﬁsh that he had ever seen and bigger than he had ever heard of, and his left hand was still as tight as the gripped claws of an eagle.
It will uncramp though, he thought. Surely, it will uncramp to help my right hand. There are three things that are brothers: the ﬁsh and my two hands. It must uncramp. It is unworthy of it to be cramped. The ﬁsh had slowed again and was going at his usual pace. I wonder why he jumped, the old man thought. He jumped almost as though to show me how big he was. I know now, anyway, he thought.
I wish I could show him what sort of man I am. But then he would see the cramped hand. Let him think I am more man then I am and I will be so. I wish I was the ﬁsh, he thought, with everything he has against only my will and my intelligence.
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The old man thinks about ﬁsh as if it is ...
- a primitive animal.
- a clever creature.
- a human being.
- a thoughtless creature.
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