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Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice). A___________________, it is the most widely consumed staple food for a large part of the world's human population, B__________________. It is the agricultural commodity with the thirdhighest worldwide production, after sugarcane and maize.
Since a large portion of maize crops are grown for purposes other than human consumption, C__________________ to human nutrition and caloric intake, providing more than one fifth of the calories consumed worldwide by humans.
Chinese legends attribute the domestication of rice to Shennong, the legendary Emperor of China and inventor of Chinese agriculture. Genetic evidence has shown that rice originates from a single domestication 8,200– 13,500 years ago in the Pearl River valley region of China. Previously, D_____________________ rice was domesticated in the Yangtze River valley region in China. From East Asia, rice was spread to Southeast and South Asia. Rice was introduced to Europe through Western Asia, and E_____________________________ colonization.
Rice can come in many shapes, colours and sizes. There are many varieties of rice and F_________________________ regionally. In some areas such as the Far East or Spain, there is a preference for softer and stickier varieties.
1. especially in Asia
2. to the Americas through European
3. rice is the most important grain with regard
4. is normally grown as an annual plant
5. As a cereal grain
6. culinary preferences tend to vary
7. archaeological evidence had suggested that
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