Установите соответствие между текстами A–G и заголовками 1–8. Запишите свои ответы. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.
1. Experience matters
2. Better ladies’ driving
3. Age matters
4. Proper training
5. Sufficient expenses
6. Having excellent reaction
7. Best way of saving money
8. Speed limit exceeding
A. It is felt by some that the number one road safety priority for Britain should be reducing accidents involving young drivers. Research carried out by the insurance industry shows that teenage drivers are ten times more likely to have accidents while driving than motorists in their 40s. And, while road deaths and serious accidents are falling on average for the majority, they went up for young people, by a shocking 12% last year.
B. Young drivers are expected to pay higher insurance premiums than older drivers as they are seen as being high-risk drivers. Unfortunately, statistics prove that young drivers, especially males, are more likely to claim on their insurance, and these claims are likely to be more expensive. That’s why newly qualified drivers who have just only received the license should pay higher insurance premiums for the first year.
C. Accidents involving young drivers have different characteristics from those that involve other drivers. Young, usually male, drivers were found to be more likely to have accidents driving at speed or around bends on weekend nights without any other cars being involved, but while carrying passengers. Young males were found to be more frequently at fault for their accidents than either females or older drivers. In order to reduce the risk of young drivers being involved in accidents, there are a number of areas that need to be addressed.
D. Young drivers tend to have good vehicle control skills because they have had driving lessons more recently than older drivers; also their reaction times are faster. However, it’s more likely to be peer pressure or carelessness that causes accidents in this area. Young drivers should not feel pressured or pushed into driving faster than they are comfortable with and shouldn’t carry out dangerous maneuvers because they are being ‘egged’ on by their friends.
E. Young drivers do not have the road knowledge or experience that older drivers do. Many accidents involving younger people happen during bad weather, which suggests they are not able to adapt their driving style appropriately to the conditions. Time should always be taken to ‘read the road’ properly; experience can only come with time. Having an accident can dent your confidence and set you back months, even years, not to mention increasing your insurance premium.
F. Young drivers are suddenly propelled into a position of power when they pass their test, and they likely to drive for pressure and thrills until the novelty wears off. When surveyed, young drivers viewed breaking the speed limit as a less important factor in causing road accidents than older drivers did.
G. The most effective way for young drivers to reduce their chances of being involved in an accident and bring down their motoring costs is to drive safely. Insurers can only base their estimates of future risk in part upon your past driving experiences. If you’ve had an accident-free few years, you’ll see your no claims bonus start to climb and then you’ll start to see a difference. I four or more years, it’s not unusual to get a 60% reduction on your premium with some companies offering 75% discounts for the ‘safest drivers’.
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