Установите соответствие между текстами A–G и заголовками 1–8. Запишите свои ответы. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.
1. The moment of inspiration
2. The early years full of losses
3. The cycle of one the same painting
4. The road to fame
5. A disputable purchase
6. The tough criticism
7. Lots of doubts
8. The content of the painting
A. Last May, one of the world’s most famous paintings, “The Scream” by Norwegian painter Edvard Munch, was sold at auction in New York to a private collector for the astonishing figure of almost $120 million. Clearly, someone really wanted to own the painting and keep it for themselves. Certainly, it is a masterpiece of expressionist art, but not everyone agrees that it is worth so much money.
B. Many people can probably identify with the pain and horror what it expresses. Munch must have liked the image very much, because he made a total of four versions of it. The first two versions were made in 1893. One of these is currently owned by the National Gallery of Norway in Oslo. The version that was sold for $120 million was done in 1895. Munch also did a fourth version in 1910, which can be seen in the Munch Museum in Oslo.
C. The inspiration for the picture came from Munch’s personal experience, but the image appears to represent something universal. It expresses the modern sense of isolation and anxiety that so many people feel. It shows a coastal scene at sunset with people walking along a pathway. In the foreground is the distorted figure of a person who cries out, shouting “the scream of nature”. It is a kind of universal cry of pain expressed through one person.
D. Munch described how the idea for the picture first formed: “I was walking along a path with two friends - the sun was setting - suddenly the sky turned blood red. I paused, feeling exhausted, and leaned on the fence - there was blood and tongues of fire above the blue-black gulf and the city. My friends walked on, and I stood there trembling with anxiety - and I sensed an infinite scream passing through nature.”
E. Munch knew a lot about mental suffering and fear. He was born in 1863, the son of a doctor. His mother died of tuberculosis when he was five years old and nine years later his elder sister died too. Another sister was mentally ill and his brother Andreas also died young. As a child, Munch was often ill. For long periods he couldn’t go to school and he had to be educated at home. His father wanted him to study engineering, but Munch preferred art.
F. He enrolled at the Royal School of Art and Design. He learned classical techniques, but he was fascinated by the new forms of expressionist art. He spent several years in Paris and Berlin where he met important expressionist painters as well as the Swedish dramatist August Strindberg. At first, Munch didn’t have a lot of success. But after a personal exhibition of his work in Berlin in 1902, he began to get better known in the art world and he had a number of influential admirers.
G. Munch was often close to mental illness for most of his life, but he became wealthy enough to live an independent life in Norway. He lived there until his death in 1944. The Nazis were occupying the country at the time and they organized a funeral procession. This was ironic because some years earlier, Hitler had called Munch’s work (together with that of Picasso, Klee, Matisse, Gauguin and others) as “degenerate art”.
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